Archive for the ‘Middle East’ Category

3
Dec

How’s That New World Order Working Out? By Parag Khanna

Foreign Policy (December 2010)

The multipolar moment has arrived – and it’s nothing like Americans imagined.

Looking for a sign of when the multipolar moment suddenly seemed real? You could do worse than mark the day when Brazil and Turkey — two of the world’s most avidly internationalist emerging powers — joined together this May to announce they had stepped in to broker a nuclear-fuel swap deal with Iran that potentially — though sadly not actually — paved the way toward a peaceful solution to the standoff. Turkey and Brazil aren’t superpowers, nor are they permanent U.N. Security Council members. But just as U.S. President Barack Obama came into office preaching a renewed focus on multilateralism, rising powers are reminding us that respect for hierarchy is no longer on anyone’s agenda.

What a difference a couple of decades makes. A little over 20 years ago, then U.S. President George H.W. Bush — who had just witnessed the fall of the Berlin Wall and saw the Soviet Union disintegrating before his very eyes — stood at the granite podium of the U.N. General Assembly in New York and proclaimed a “new world order,” a U.S.-dominated international system “where the rule of law supplants the rule of the jungle.” Two decades later, the “new new world order” we are in fact living looks almost nothing like what Bush — and most Americans — imagined or hoped. Read more…

As published in http://www.foreignpolicy.com

25
Nov

By Professor Ibrahim Al-Marashi

The contents revealed in October 2010 from an archive of secrets US military documents from Iraq are astonishing, but civilian deaths, the use of torture, and Iranian involvement in Iraq have already been covered by journalists, many of whom lost their lives in that country to make such news public. Rather it is the process of how these documents became public that heralds a new age in the flow of information. 

 One of the aspects of globalization is the technological revolution in communications which obliterates time and space, and aggravates the ability of the state to control information within its border or globally.  Julian Assange, the Australian founder of the independent organization WikiLeaks, used Sweden as a base, in addition to a network of servers around the world to instantaneously release these documents to a global audience.  In this case, the American superpower was unable to prevent this super-empowered Australian from releasing the documents.  Nevertheless, the globalization of intelligence does not mean that the state is irrelevant.  Assange lived in Sweden due to its broad press freedoms but was denied a residence permit and has joined the ranks of global nomads.

 I have personally experienced this phenomenon of the globalization of intelligence.  When the academic Glen Rangwala of Cambridge University noticed that a British intelligence dossier he found off the Internet was similar to an article that I had written on Iraq that was also published on the Internet, he was able to send me an email from the UK which I read in California in the early morning.  A couple of seconds later, I was able to respond that I had no role in the drafting of the UK intelligence dossier.  An announcement on Rangwala’s website, and a couple of further emails led to the story breaking on London’s Channel 4 news, becoming headlines in countries ranging from South Africa to India.  All of this happened within 24 hours.  Read more…

2
Nov

Interview with MIR Professor José Ramón Montero

Written on November 2, 2010 by Ángeles Figueroa-Alcorta in Democracy & Human Rights, Middle East, Video

 

The IE School of Arts and Humanities talked to Professor José Ramón Montero about democracy, elections, and voting behavior in Iran.

8
Oct

Transatlantic Cooperation and How to Engage the Muslim World

Written on October 8, 2010 by Ángeles Figueroa-Alcorta in Middle East

by Haizam Amirah-Fernández, Associate Professor at IE School of Arts and Humanities

Haizam Amirah-Fernandez, Associate Professor at IE School of Arts & Humanities


Since the beginning of the current decade, international relations and domestic politics in North America and Europe have been marked by a growing threat perception linked to the radicalization of Muslim individuals and groups worldwide. Although 9/11 was a turning point, the “clash of perceptions” had been building up for decades between people belonging to Western and Muslim cultures, but also among those of the same cultural background.
Radicalization processes are inevitably related to the political and economic situation in the Middle East. This makes them, to a large extent, reversible. Factors such as the persistent climate of conflict, the absence of prospects for a lasting peace, the accumulated frustration and rage caused by unmet expectations of the population, the continuation of authoritarian rule, and the foreign policies of Western powers are used by radical ideologues to feed a solid narrative of exclusion and confrontation. The little interest shown by authoritarian regimes—including Arab “moderates”—in promoting critical thinking and the respect for diversity has solidified the radical narrative by which the West is responsible for all that is wrong with the region.
For many years, the Middle East has been suffering a constant deterioration in regional security and stability, as well as in the domestic conditions in different countries. The effects of such climate are felt beyond the region. Events in the Middle East are connected to the radicalization of Muslim individuals and groups in other parts of the world, including Western countries. Projections do not give many reasons for optimism. Demographic pressures, unemployment and underemployment, authoritarian rule, ethno-sectarian power struggles, absence of peace, and radicalization processes will continue to shape the region for the predictable future…
You may read the complete article at: Transatlantic Cooperation and How to Engage the Muslim World.
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